Although medicine has come a long way in the last decade, there are still a lot of conditions that defy conventional treatment. Cancer, stroke, brain injuries, cerebral palsy, and a range of heart diseases are all conditions that stem cell therapy may provide answers to.

You might be forgiven for not knowing about stem cell therapy if you’re not in the medical field. Compared to other treatment options, it’s still relatively new. Several billions of dollars have gone into research in the study of stem cells, and the early indications are looking positive.

Stem cells are human cells that have a unique ability to turn into other kinds of cells. These cells are obtained from embryos around 4 – 5 days old. At that point, the embryo is called a blastocyst and hasn’t yet been planted in the womb.

Stem cells can also be found in the bone marrow of adult humans. The summary of the stem cell therapy approach is to regulate the growth of stem cells so that they can replace bad tissues in the body. You can read more about how stem cells work at

Here are some of the ways stem cell therapy can change medicine and general healthcare as we know it: 

● Tissue Regeneration: This is maybe the most critical application of stem cells. Soon, stem cell therapy may allow us to regenerate full organs like kidneys and livers that match a patient’s DNA completely. It has already been used by some scientists to generate new skin tissue and heal scars in burn victims.

● Brain Disease Treatment: Brain diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s usually result from the damage of brain cells. These damages can cause problems like the loss of speech, muscle movement, and poor cognition. Stem cell differentiation can be used to generate new brain cells that can undo the damage and restore normal function to the brain.

● Treating Autoimmune Diseases: Autoimmune diseases happen when the body’s immune system mistakes its cells for foreign invaders and begins to attack them. They are usually chronic illnesses and need to be managed for a long time. Examples of them include type 1 diabetes, lupus, and multiple sclerosis.

With stem cell therapy, the immune system can be overhauled using unaffected cells. This will potentially save the patients from a lifetime of using medication and nurse them back to health. 

● Cell-Deficient Conditions: Type 1 diabetes patients usually have insulin deficiency due to lacking the cells that produce insulin. With stem cell therapy, insulin-producing cells can be created to replace or supplement the ones diabetic patients have.

Sickle Cell Anemia patients can also benefit significantly from the advances of stem cells. The bone marrow cells that produce their sickle red cells can potentially be replaced with differentiated stem cells that produce healthy red blood cells. There have been reported instances of successful procedures with adult patients. 

Stem Cell Therapy is one of the giant strides that modern medicine is taking. Although it has had its challenges in the past, it’s no longer a question of if it will become mainstream, but of when it will be. With these possibilities and many more, we’re not a long way from having more healthy people all over the world living their best lives.

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